Among the 11 skeletons found during the excavation at Aşıklı Höyük, a skull that had undergone brain surgery was found.
Everyone is amazed at the world’s first people in Aksaray, the gateway to Cappadocia with its historic and cultural richness and known as the first settlement of Central Anatolia and Cappadocia.
The world’s first brain surgery, performed 10 or 500 years ago, was also performed in Aksaray.
The skull, where the first brain surgery was performed, is one of the 11 skeletons found in Askla Höyük, and its number of visitors is increasing rapidly each year.
Archaeological excavation started in 1989
Yusuf Altın, Director of the Aksaray Museum, said: “The excavation at Aşıklı Höyük was actually started in 1989 by the late Ufuk Esin in the form of a museum archaeological excavation followed by a presidential excavation. It was previously discovered by foreign scientists in the 1950s and I Our first excavation began in 1989. During the first few years, 11 skeletons were discovered during the excavation. Studies conducted on 11 skeletons focused on one skull. ..
ViDEO, the world’s first brain surgery performed in Aksaray 10,500 years ago
First animal breeding in Central Anatolia
When Aşıklı Höyük is mentioned, the word “lover” means bone. They lived in Ashkul Heyuk during a millennial adventure in Anatolia, which moved from a nomadic society to a foraging society to a society that first settled between 8400 and 7300 BC. Following a type of house called the Megaron Round Type, architectural research on a single-room, two-room, or three-room house with a narrow rectangular passageway began. In this Aşıklı Höyük, the first domestication of animals is seen in Central Anatolia.
They were determined to die due to lack of illness and iron deficiency
However, there are obsidian sources in the hunter-gatherer community. Then they use the bones of these animals to make awls for their tools. Studies conducted on these 11 skeletons using age restrictions and the carbon-14 method at the time show that the average age is 20-30 years, some in the range of 50 years, and some 50 years. Has been scientifically proven. He died of back pain and iron deficiency. He said.
The cause of the illness is the intensity of the working life during that period
Explaining that one of the skeletons found during the excavation is very different, museum director Altin said: “One of them is different. This skeleton has two holes in the skull, called a trepan. This skeleton died at the age of 20-25 under the conditions of the day and the patient’s hips. It was observed that there was a slight discomfort in the bones of the skeleton. Those people suffered from back illness as the society of the day was fully working, hunting, gathering, and beginning an intensive farming life. Is normal.
Hole by the brain 2
It seems that a hole was drilled from both sides of the brain with a width of about 11.2 mm, and after making the hole, another 2 mm hole was closed. In scientific studies, the patient survived for another 10 days after this surgery.
“Brain surgery is one of the first in the world”
He lived after the piercing because his body repaired himself. It is unknown what the illness was for a woman in Central Anatolia, but under the circumstances of the day, she was the first in the world to undergo brain surgery within the boundaries of the village of Kızılkaya in the Gülağaç district of Aksaray. 10,500 years ago. Said.