Included in the strategic compass that establishes the EU’s “defense”. Why did Turkey react?

A “strategic compass” document has been approved to serve as an operational guide for the development and decision-making of the European Union (EU) in the field of defense and security.

The EU has announced that it will establish a “quick transfer unit” of 5,000 people with the aim of responding quickly to the crisis.

Ankara responded to a document stating that “Turkey took provocative actions in the Eastern Mediterranean.” “It is a lack of vision and unhappiness for the EU to be treated with such a shallow view of NATO allies,” the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement. I made a statement. Greece was said to welcome the agreement.

By 2030, the EU, which is an important political and economic actor in the world with 27 member states but unable to act independently of NATO and the United States in the field of defense and security, will be safe. It aims to strengthen security and defense policies.

With this document, the EU aims to become a stronger and more competent “security provider” by jointly assessing the strategic environment operated by the EU and the threats and challenges facing the EU. ..

The draft strategic compass prepared by Josep Borrell, Senior Representative for Foreign and Security Policy in the EU, contains four key elements. These include strengthening the EU’s role in crisis management, improving defense capabilities, enabling crisis resistance and establishing partnerships with third countries.

According to a statement of the Council, this document provides concrete and practical recommendations with a clear implementation calendar for the EU to act decisively in a crisis and improve its security.

Compass element

“Fast transmission” stands out as the most striking element of the document.

This unit consists of land, air, and sea units, with the goal of reaching up to 5,000 people and allowing them to perform regular exercises.

Ready to deploy 200 fully equipped CNS experts within 30 days, improve military agility, facilitate faster and more flexible decision making, EU civilian and military common security It provides greater financial solidarity to support defense policy missions and operations. Factors such as maximizing the use of the European Peace Corps to empower partners and support partners.

It is expected that 27 members will unanimously decide to deploy troops that can be dispatched outside the EU border.

The forces that can be formed “in a coalition” by a group of member states are modularized to respond to a variety of crises, including hybrid attacks on the EU.

The unit is expected to be established by 2025.

Goal

EU strategic compass, enhance EU intelligence analysis capabilities, detect and respond to a wide range of hybrid threats, improve readiness and response to cyberattacks, manipulate foreign information, security, and defense. It includes objectives such as formulating an EU space strategy and strengthening the EU’s role as a maritime security entity.

partnership

The EU seeks to strengthen its cooperation with strategic partners such as NATO, the United Nations, the European Union, the African Union and the ASEAN Security Cooperation Organization for that purpose.

The EU also aims to develop bilateral special partnerships with like-minded countries such as the United States, Canada, Norway, the United Kingdom and Japan, with dialogue and cooperation in the West Balkans, Southeastern Neighbors, Africa, Asia and Latin. Aiming for the development of. America.

Limit

The EU began preparing a “strategic compass” in June 2020. First, by conducting a threat analysis, “the challenges and threats facing the EU, how EU countries pool their assets in shared pools and how to use them effectively, and Europe as a regional and global actor. How to best assess the impact of. ” I was asked for an answer to the question “Can he direct?”

The coalition has stepped up its strategic compass preparations towards the end of last year with the withdrawal of NATO from Afghanistan after the United States, the deactivation of France by the United States and the United Kingdom in a submarine purchase agreement from Australia, and the “hybrid”. “A threat from the Belarusian administration.

“Turkey took provocative action in the eastern Mediterranean”

Turkey’s Eastern Mediterranean policy was criticized for its “strategic compass.” The EU, which had previously authorized Ankara’s gas exploration activities, said in its latest document, “Turkey also uses a combination of border politics, information manipulation and provocative maritime actions to compromise the security of the Eastern Mediterranean. I did. ” I made a statement.

“It is clear that this document is not a solution to the Eastern Mediterranean problem, but a part of the EU and does not lead to the right strategy,” said the Foreign Ministry’s “Strategic Compass” document. The expression was used.

The ministry said in its written statement that the document was dictated to the EU by two EU member states. In particular, the Eastern Mediterranean region, which refers to Turkey, has the largest maritime affairs, ignoring the rights of Turkey and Turkish Cypriots in this sea. He claimed jurisdiction and therefore emphasized that it was compliant with international law, considered unconventional, and even the acquisition of the EU itself was separated from reality, pointing out the following: ..

“In this understanding, it is difficult to see a document that is no longer a” compass “as” strategic “by being puzzled by pointing in the right direction.

Given recent developments, it is a lack of vision and unhappiness for the EU to overlook the facts and truths in this way and treat its candidate NATO allies in this shallow way. “

The Council of the European Union has extended the sanctions decision on Turkey’s natural gas exploration activities on the eastern Mediterranean coast last November for another year. A statement of the Board stated that it had decided to continue the measures already taken until 12 November 2022.

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