Beware of eight common misconceptions about sports injuries

Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist. Dr. Hasan Bombaci, “Sports are activities that take place throughout life, from free activities for childhood fun to professional competitions. However, sports carry the risk of injury. Most sports injuries are preventable. It is a possible injury. He said.

Running damage knee

The first responsibility for runner sports injuries is shoes, professor. Dr. Hasan Bombaci, “Shoes are really important. However, like many other sports branches, some obstacles that occur in runners depend on multiple factors: ground running, nutrition, water loss, concentration, and sports. All factors such as body preparation (warm-up-stretching-activity-cooldown-restretching) for sports can affect the benefits or harms we get. But the nature of many organisms. It is possible to prevent most of the potential harm of running, which is an active activity. Said.

“Front cross-lind injury causes carrier end”

Bombacı said this information was correct in the past. “The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the serious injuries in the knee area. Today, ACL surgery has much more successful results thanks to the development of technology and technology. But it is in the healing of the ligament. Due to the associated biological process, it is not very possible to reduce the return to sport after surgery to less than a specific time, but with a good rehabilitation process, 70-80 in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. It is possible to return to sports at a rate of% and achieve preoperative performance at a rate of 50%. I made a statement.

“The more exercise you do, the better the results.”

Professor Dr. Hasan Bombacı stated that there are two types of muscle strengthening exercises and provided the following information:

“The methods and results of these exercises are different. The first is an exercise that increases muscle strength and mass. This exercise technique exercises against increased resistance. In the meantime, energy with an aerobic mechanism. The muscle’s ability to produce is gradually diminished and the anaerobic mechanism begins to work. Fatigue occurs in the muscle and some substances released into the environment cause pain.

On the other hand, adaptive mechanisms that work in exercise, such as weightlifting, increase both muscle volume and strength. The second method increases more muscle endurance. Here, the motor units that produce force in the muscle do not increase, but the activation of muscles that move in the same direction increases. In this case, the strength of the muscle, which does not increase in volume, increases. Techniques play an important role, not just quantity, in enhancing exercise. “

“The most correct way is to add heat.”

“Tissue damage caused by a sudden injury can cause bleeding, but in most cases it causes local edema, depending on the severity of the injury,” said Bombachi. He added that he would contract (vasoconstriction). Limits bleeding in damaged areas.

Professor Dr. Bombachi said: In the next few hours, blood vessels will dilate and increase vascular permeability in response to lack of oxygen in the area. This means an increase in edema, “he added.

“When heat is applied at the beginning of an injury, dilation of blood vessels increases bleeding and edema in the injured area. This is also an undesirable situation. Instead, you need to catch a cold in the injured area with appropriate pressure. I have.”

“It must be painful to benefit from exercise.”

Emphasize that this information is not always correct, Professor. Dr. Hasan Bombacı reported that the most important reason for the pain felt during exercise is the irritation caused by lactic acid, which occurs during muscle contraction.

This is especially evident in exercises against high resistance such as weightlifting, Professor. Doctor bomber, “The reason for this is that when muscle capacity is used most, the energy-generating mechanism of the muscle switches from the” aerobic route “to the” anaerobic route. ” In order for muscle cells to increase in volume and their number, they need to be pushed to these limits. However, this situation occurs with endurance exercise, where the muscles function at maximum strength, but is milder. In another type of exercise, stretching exercise, the pain caused by the exercise is felt at the beginning of the exercise, but the duration is shorter. Said.

“Replaced fingers take longer to heal than broken ones.”

Keep in mind that treatments for finger dislocations vary by hand and foot, professor. Dr. Hasan Bombaci, “When talking about the more common hand fractures and dislocations, it’s safe to say that very different results can occur, depending on the complex structure of the hand and the variety of injuries that occur.” He said that non-surgical treatment, known as conservative treatment, can be applied to both fractures and dislocations and may require different surgical procedures depending on the location and shape of the fracture and dislocation. I emphasized.

The bomber added that depending on the location and shape of the fracture and dislocation, both injuries can have a significantly different healing process.

“Spring ankles are worse than broken ankles”

Ankle sprains are a very common injury in everyday life, and when you think of ankle sprains, you think of ankle joint ligament injuries. Dr. Hasan Bombacı also said:

“Although less common, it can be accompanied by small fractures. Unless there is a fracture, the first treatment of ankle sprains (ligament injuries) depends primarily on the degree of use of specially designed orthotic devices. It is a time-varying fixation. Ligament damage. It occurs because of the load. However, in this case, fractures occur in one or more bones that make up the ankle. In most cases, for treatment. Requires surgery. These fractures can also be accompanied by cartilage damage, the results are more unpredictable and risky. “

“Adolescent weightlifting exercises curb growth”

Emphasize that this information is not always correct, Professor. Dr. Hasan Bombacı recalled that before puberty, muscle volume and oxygen burning capacity were lower than in adults. “This reduces muscle output. Therefore, children get tired faster. Early muscle fatigue indirectly means overloading the joints and growth plates at the ends of the long bones. This growth prepares the ground for cartilage damage. However, recent studies have shown that the risks that can occur in the growth plate are properly coordinated and timely (8- to) in children. 12 weeks) Exercise programs have been shown to be minimal. When strengthening exercises performed by children, more repetitive exercises are more appropriate for lower resistance. Said.